The holly is an evergreen.
Trees of LondonRussell Square
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There are two types of holly tree in Russell Square, the Wilson Holly and the common
holly, which is a native tree. Here, the leaves of the common holly are crinkled, though
this is not always the case. The leaves are of a leathery texture, and the tree is evergreen,
that is the leaves don't fall off during the winter.
As you wander round Russell Square, you will see many holly trees. The
majority are Wilson hollies, but take a good look at both to familiarize yourself with
them. As well as having leathery leaves, sometimes crinkled; sometimes not, the holly
has a smooth bark and, in the autumn, striking red berries which usually survive,
depending on how hungry birds are, until the end of December.
It has often been noted that the holly cheers up the winter months, and perhaps
for this reason it has become associated with Christmas. The religious significance of the
holly predated Christianity as the holly was venerated by the druids and was first used as
decoration, Christmas of otherwise, by the Romans.
Two holly trees at Lincoln's Inn fields.
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Other Trees at Russell Square
yew holm oak
cherry Scots elm
| Tree Identification||
|leaf: leathery; evergreen; oval shaped, sometimes with spiky edges. || |
nuts/fruit: berries which grow in clusters; green first, then red; stay well into the winter.
| || bark: |
| shape: ||grows to 10 metres; conical.|
| general: popular in stately homes, where the gardeners chop it into unusual shapes. |
First tree to the right of the
Marked yellow on map.
Trees of London A James Wilkinson Publication ©